The term dry needling refers to the use of a fine solid needle used without medication to treat muscle pain and dysfunction. The technique has gained popularity as an effective pain management technique over the last 5-10 years.
Myofascial dry needling is performed on the basis of an assessment of signs and symptoms. Standard orthopaedic and neurological testing is performed in order to arrive at a diagnosis. An understanding of pain referral patterns is essential and a detailed palpatory evaluation of muscles is undertaken to elicit the pain referral response from symptomatic muscles.
Myofascial dry needling treats the underlying pathophysiological entity that is the trigger point, and aims to normalize the distinct biochemical Pathophysiology of a Myofascial Trigger Point, through achieving multiple twitch responses.
Current evidence based research identifies this process as fundamental to normalising the biochemical milieu of the Myofascial Trigger Point. This biochemical change mirrors the clinical change, which is the relief of the patientís pain.